Welcome To Portal Komuniti :: Ukhwah.com

  Create An Account Home  ·  Topik  ·  Statistik  ·  Your Account  ·  Hantar Artikel  ·  Top 10 17-04-2021  

  Login
Nickname

Password

>> Mendaftar <<

  Mutiara Kata
Kita bergerak ke arah apa yang difokus
-- Dari filem Kung Fu Panda

  Menu Utama

  Keahlian Ukhwah.com
Terkini: navratan
Hari Ini: 0
Semalam: 0
Jumlah Ahli: 43152

  Sedang Online
Sedang Online:
Tetamu: 54
Ahli: 0
Jumlah: 54




  Yang Masuk Ke Sini
muslimin23: 23 hari yang lalu
ronniefinancehome: 34 hari yang lalu
MTMKi: 44 hari yang lalu
usop79: 46 hari yang lalu


Isu dan Ehwal Semasa
Topik: Nak ajak bincang bab ergonomic


Carian Forum

Moderator: Administrator, hafeezzul
Portal Komuniti :: Ukhwah.com Indeks Forum
  »» Isu dan Ehwal Semasa
    »» Nak ajak bincang bab ergonomic

Please Mendaftar To Post


Oleh Nak ajak bincang bab ergonomic

Saifuddin
WARGA SETIA
Menyertai: 30.09.2003
Ahli No: 3878
Posting: 1421

Kelantan  


posticon Posting pada: 31-01-08 13:27


assalamualaikum, ana nak ajak bincang bab ergonomic , sebab dalam laman ini ramai siswa U, mungkin ada yang dah biasa dalam bidang ini...
ini info yang ana dapat dari wikipedia...


Ergonomics (or human factors) is the application of scientific information concerning objects, systems and environment for human use (definition adopted by the International Ergonomics Association in 2007). Ergonomics is commonly thought of as how companies design tasks and work areas to maximize the efficiency and quality of their employees’ work. However, ergonomics comes into everything which involves people. Work systems, sports and leisure, health and safety should all embody ergonomics principles if well designed.
It is the applied science of equipment design intended to maximize productivity by reducing operator fatigue and discomfort. The field is also called biotechnology, human engineering, and human factors engineering.
Ergonomic research is primarily performed by ergonomists who study human capabilities in relationship to their work demands. Information derived from ergonomists contributes to the design and evaluation of tasks, jobs, products, environments and systems in order to make them compatible with the needs, abilities and limitations of people (IEA, 2000).
Contents

•    1 Domains
•    2 History
•    3 Foundations
•    4 Applications
o    4.1 Engineering psychology
•    5 Colloquial Use
•    6 Resources
•    7 See also
•    8 External links

Domains
The IEA divides ergonomics broadly into three domains:
•    Physical ergonomics deals with the human body's responses to physical and physiological stress.
•    Cognitive ergonomics, also known as engineering psychology, concerns mental processes such as perception, attention, cognition, motor control, and memory storage and retrieval as they affect interactions among humans and other elements of a system. Relevant topics include mental workload, vigilance, decision making, skilled performance, human error, human-computer interaction, and training.
•    Organizational ergonomics, or macroergonomics, is concerned with the optimization of sociotechnical systems, including their organizational structures, policies, and processes. Relevant topics include shift work, scheduling, job satisfaction, motivational theory, supervision, safety culture, teamwork, telework and ethics.
History
The foundations of the science of ergonomics appear to have been laid within the context of the culture of Ancient Greece. A good deal of evidence indicates that Hellenic civilization in the 5th century baca used ergonomic principles in the design of their tools, jobs, and workplaces. One outstanding example of this can be found in the description Hippocrates gave of how a surgeon's workplace should be designed (See Marmaras, Poulakakis, and Papakostopoulos 1999).
The term ergonomics is derived from the Greek words ergon and nomos and first entered the modern lexicon when Wojciech Jastrzębowski used the word in his 1857 article Rys ergonomji czyli nauki o pracy, opartej na prawdach poczerpniętych z Nauki Przyrody.
Later in the 19th century, Frederick Winslow Taylor pioneered the "Scientific Management" method, which proposed a way to find the optimum method for carrying out a given task. Taylor found that he could, for example, triple the amount of coal that workers were shovelling by incrementally reducing the size and weight of coal shovels until the fastest shovelling rate was reached. Frank and Lillian Gilbreth expanded Taylor's methods in the early 1900s to develop "Time and Motion Studies". They aimed to improve efficiency by eliminating unnecessary steps and actions. By applying this approach, the Gilbreths reduced the number of motions in bricklaying from 18 to 4.5, allowing bricklayers to increase their productivity from 120 to 350 bricks apa hour.
World War II marked the development of new and complex machines and weaponry, and these made new demands on operators' cognition. The decision-making, attention, situational awareness and hand-eye coordination of the machine's operator became key in the success or failure of a task. It was observed that fully functional aircraft, flown by the best-trained pilots, still crashed. In 1943, Alphonse Chapanis, a lieutenant in the U.S. Army, showed that this so-called "pilot error" could be greatly reduced when more logical and differentiable controls replaced confusing designs in airplane cockpits.
In the decades since the war, ergonomics has continued to flourish and diversify. The Space Age created new human factors issues such as weightlessness and extreme pergi-forces. How far could environments in space be tolerated, and what effects would they have on the mind and body? The dawn of the Information Age has resulted in the new ergonomics field of human-computer interaction (HCI). Likewise, the growing demand for and competition among consumer goods and electronics has resulted in more companies including human factors in product design.
Foundations
Ergonomics draws on many disciplines in its study of humans and their environments, including anthropometry, biomechanics, mechanical engineering, industrial engineering, industrial design, kinesiology, physiology and psychology.
Typically, an ergonomist will have a BA or BS in Psychology, Industrial/Mechanical Engineering or Health Sciences, and usually a MA, masa or PhD in a related discipline. Many universities offer Master of Science degrees in Ergonomics, while some offer Master of Ergonomics or Master of Human Factors degrees.
More recently, occupational therapists have been moving into the field of ergonomics and the field has been heralded as one of the top ten emerging practice areas to watch for in the new millennium.
Applications
The more than twenty technical subgroups within the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society (HFES) indicate the range of applications for ergonomics. Human factors engineering continues to be successfully applied in the fields of aerospace, aging, health care, IT, product design, transportation, training, nuclear and virtual environments, among others. kirim Vicente, a University of Toronto Professor of Ergonomics, argues that the nuclear disaster in Chernobyl is attributable to plant designers not paying enough attention to human factors. "The operators were trained but the complexity of the reactor and the control panels nevertheless outstripped their ability to grasp what they were seeing ."
Physical ergonomics is important in the medical field, particularly to those diagnosed with physiological ailments or disorders such as arthritis (both chronic and temporary) or carpal tunnel syndrome. Pressure that is insignificant or imperceptible to those unaffected by these disorders may be very painful, or render a device unusable, for those who are. Many ergonomically designed products are also used or recommended to treat or prevent such disorders, and to treat pressure-related chronic pain.
Human factors issues arise in simple systems and consumer products as well. Some examples include cellular telephones and other handheld devices that continue to shrink yet grow more complex (a phenomenon referred to as "creeping featurism"), millions of VCRs blinking "12:00" across the world because very few people can figure out how to program them, or alarm clocks that allow sleepy users to inadvertently turn off the alarm when they mean to hit 'snooze'. A user-centered design (UCD), also known as a systems approach or the usability engineering lifecycle aims to improve the user-system
Engineering psychology
Engineering psychology is an interdisciplinary part of Ergonomics and studies the relationships of people to machines, with the intent of improving such relationships. This may involve redesigning equipment, changing the way people use machines, or changing the location in which the work takes place. Often, the work of an engineering psychologist is described as making the relationship more "user-friendly."
Engineering Psychology is an applied field of psychology concerned with psychological factors in the design and use of equipment. Human factors is broader than engineering psychology, which is focused specifically on designing systems that accommodate the information-processing capabilities of the brain (see Wickens and Hollands 2000).
Colloquial Use
Outside of the discipline itself, the term 'ergonomics' is generally used to refer to physical ergonomics as it relates to the workplace (as in for example ergonomic chairs and keyboards).
Resources
Books
•    Jan Dul and Bernard Weerdmeester, Ergonomics for Beginners - - A classic introduction on ergonomics - Original title: Vademecum Ergonomie (Dutch) -published and updated since 1960's
•    Stephen Pheasant, Bodyspace - - A classic exploration of ergonomics
•    kirim Vicente, The Human Factor Full of examples and statistics illustrating the gap between existing technology and the human mind, with suggestions to narrow it
•    Donald Norman, The Design of Everyday Things - - An entertaining user-centered critique of nearly every gadget out there (at the time it was published)
•    Wilson & Corlett, Evaluation of Human Work A practical ergonomics methodology. Warning: very technical and not a suitable 'intro' to ergonomics
•    Wickens and Hollands, Engineering Psychology and Human Performance - - Discusses memory, attention, decision making, stress and human error, among other topics
•    Alvin . Tilley & Henry Dreyfuss Associates (1993, 2002), The Measure of Man & Woman: Human Factors in Design A human factors design manual.
Peer-Reviewed Publications (numbers between brackets are the ISI impact factor 2001-2003)
•    Ergonomics (0.747)
•    Applied Ergonomics (0.738)
•    Human Factors (0.723)
•    International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics (0.395)
•    Human Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing (0.311)
•    Travail Humain (0.260)
•    Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science (-)
•    International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics (-)
See also
•    Back injury
•    Carpal tunnel syndrome
•    Cognitive load
•    Industrial Design
•    Environmental design
•    Human factors
•    Human computer interaction
•    Industrial noise
•    Light ergonomics
•    Occupational therapy
•    Participatory Ergonomics and Ergonomics Change Teams
•    Repetitive strain injury
•    Systems engineering

Bookmark and Share

    


  Member Information For SaifuddinProfil   Hantar PM kepada Saifuddin   Quote dan BalasQuote

Daeng_Jati
-WARGA AMAT SETIA-
Menyertai: 17.02.2004
Ahli No: 7336
Posting: 9704
Dari: UKM, Bangi

brunei   avatar


posticon Posting pada: 31-01-08 14:07


Ergonomic erm....
kurang juga kepakaran urang kat Malaysia ni....

Bookmark and Share

    


  Member Information For Daeng_JatiProfil   Hantar PM kepada Daeng_Jati   Quote dan BalasQuote

syahidatul
-WARGA AMAT SETIA-
Menyertai: 07.11.2004
Ahli No: 12341
Posting: 3781
Dari: Petaling Jaya

Selangor   avatar


posticon Posting pada: 31-01-08 14:19


saya pernah jumpa satu company di Malaysia yang memberi perkhidmatan ergonomics ni... ada di KL... saya pergi interview kerja di situ... depe nak saya kerja kat situ... tapi... saya tak terima pula.. huhu..

company tu berkongsi kepakaran dengan ahli pakar dari Singapore...

tak reti nak cakap banyak.. huhu.. lain lah kalau saya kerja dengan comp tu.


-----------------



Bookmark and Share

    


  Member Information For syahidatulProfil   Hantar PM kepada syahidatul   Pergi ke syahidatul's Website   Quote dan BalasQuote

sayatetapsaya
-WARGA AMAT SETIA-
Menyertai: 12.05.2004
Ahli No: 8934
Posting: 5682

italy  


posticon Posting pada: 31-01-08 15:58


Assalamualaikum
hehe..malas nak baca.... :-P
tai, biasa dengar tentang ergonomik ni...cuma..apakebendanye benda ergonomik tu...adik kepada ekonomi ke haa...maaflah..malas nak baca sebab nampak complicated...nanti lah... :sopan:



Bookmark and Share

    


  Member Information For sayatetapsayaProfil   Hantar PM kepada sayatetapsaya   Quote dan BalasQuote

Daeng_Jati
-WARGA AMAT SETIA-
Menyertai: 17.02.2004
Ahli No: 7336
Posting: 9704
Dari: UKM, Bangi

brunei   avatar


posticon Posting pada: 31-01-08 16:24


dalam bidang teman, ada mempratikkan ergonomik ni. Ergonomik adalah salah satu bidang dalam Kejuruteraan Keselamatan, Kesihatan dan Alam Sekitar yang mana persangkutan Manusia dan Peralatan. maksudnya hubungkait antara manusia yang mengendalikan peralatan.
senang cakap toleransi antara manusia dan peralatan....


-----------------
Photobucket


Bookmark and Share

    


  Member Information For Daeng_JatiProfil   Hantar PM kepada Daeng_Jati   Quote dan BalasQuote

nurkamar
:WARGA AWAL BERJASA:
Menyertai: 14.05.2003
Ahli No: 35
Posting: 1798

KualaLumpur   avatar


posticon Posting pada: 31-01-08 16:51


berpusing2 mata akak baca post daeng ;)

Bookmark and Share

    


  Member Information For nurkamarProfil   Hantar PM kepada nurkamar   Pergi ke nurkamar's Website   Quote dan BalasQuote

nailah_miz
Warga 4 Bintang
Menyertai: 09.04.2004
Ahli No: 8296
Posting: 335
Dari: Universiti Utara Malaysia

NegeriSembilan  


posticon Posting pada: 31-01-08 20:53


Pada 31-01-08 16:24 , Daeng_Jati posting:

!!! QUOTE !!!

dalam bidang teman, ada mempratikkan ergonomik ni. Ergonomik adalah salah satu bidang dalam Kejuruteraan Keselamatan, Kesihatan dan Alam Sekitar yang mana persangkutan Manusia dan Peralatan. maksudnya hubungkait antara manusia yang mengendalikan peralatan.
senang cakap toleransi antara manusia dan peralatan....



Betul tu.. :-)

Bookmark and Share

    


  Member Information For nailah_mizProfil   Hantar PM kepada nailah_miz   Quote dan BalasQuote

lukluk_assyifa
Warga 4 Bintang
Menyertai: 17.09.2004
Ahli No: 11204
Posting: 190
Dari: perak kara johor he

Perak  


posticon Posting pada: 31-01-08 23:33


salam..

ergonomic..subtopic in production operation management..
touch about human dan working area..

practically ergonomic is solution to make working area adapt to human physical.. for example..in order to reduce/ avoid back pain, an ergonomics's person has created flexible chair..
another example, ergonomic keyboard..

jelasnye..ergonomic ni satu bidang yang dicipta untuk mengurangkan ketidakselesaaan dan memberi posisi anggota badan yang
sesuai dengan kawasan kerja so tak ada lah selalu sakit2.

Bookmark and Share

    


  Member Information For lukluk_assyifaProfil   Hantar PM kepada lukluk_assyifa   Pergi ke lukluk_assyifa's Website   Quote dan BalasQuote

kahfi8
WARGA SETIA
Menyertai: 19.09.2007
Ahli No: 31129
Posting: 517
Dari: Damansara

Perak   avatar


posticon Posting pada: 31-01-08 23:40


lebih kurang macam keselesaan penggunaannya.. bila guna, tidak memberi kesan sampingan.. pada pemahaman ana lah..kan keyboard ergonomik direka untuk keselesaan manusia..kalau salah tolong betulkan ana ya..

Bookmark and Share

    


  Member Information For kahfi8Profil   Hantar PM kepada kahfi8   Pergi ke kahfi8's Website   Quote dan BalasQuote

Daeng_Jati
-WARGA AMAT SETIA-
Menyertai: 17.02.2004
Ahli No: 7336
Posting: 9704
Dari: UKM, Bangi

brunei   avatar


posticon Posting pada: 31-01-08 23:41


Syndrom karpal tunnel tu sejenih penyakit akibat Ergonomik yang tak betul lah...

p/s

eh, macam doktor pula teman ni


-----------------
Photobucket


Bookmark and Share

    


  Member Information For Daeng_JatiProfil   Hantar PM kepada Daeng_Jati   Quote dan BalasQuote

Daeng_Jati
-WARGA AMAT SETIA-
Menyertai: 17.02.2004
Ahli No: 7336
Posting: 9704
Dari: UKM, Bangi

brunei   avatar


posticon Posting pada: 31-01-08 23:45


bidang ergonomik ni satu bidang yang meluas juga gunenye...
siapa yang kretip dapat mencipte pelbagei benda seharian supaya bersifat ergonomik dan sesuai untuk digunekan. sebab Ergonomik juga boleh mendatangkan hazad bila tidak betul...

Bookmark and Share

    


  Member Information For Daeng_JatiProfil   Hantar PM kepada Daeng_Jati   Quote dan BalasQuote

Saifuddin
WARGA SETIA
Menyertai: 30.09.2003
Ahli No: 3878
Posting: 1421

Kelantan  


posticon Posting pada: 01-02-08 08:32


Ergonomic ini di antaranya adalah hubungan manusia dengan mesin,
manusia nak cipta mesin yang senang serta selesa dipakai, seperti. dulu kita pakai kereta manual, sekarang kita pakai automatic, dulu kita pakai buku , sekarang ni kita pakai PC, thumb drive.
dari semasa ke semasa manusia akan cuba mencipta alat yang friendly user, kalau boleh kapal terbang tu, kita nak cipta yang senang dikendalikan.
contohnya bila kita lihat sebuah television...
kita nak supaya kanak-kanak juga senang belajar bagaimana nak hidupkan television tersebut, contohnya button switch on television tersebut kita letakkan di bahagian depan skrin television, jadi sesiapa yang tengok dah tahu emang nak on kan television, maka perlu tekan saja lah button tersebut.

kalau boleh kita bak juga bina kereta yang senang manusia kendalikan, kita boleh buat seperti pakai kaedah seperti kawal kapal terbang, hanya pakai stick kawalan saja...

Honda hibrib adalah gabungan engine petrol di gabungkan dengan sistem turbo , ini juga sebahagian dari peningkatan dalam human mesin interaction.

kreativiti amat diperlukan dalam bidang ergonomics, kerana manusia sentiasa cuba mencipta alat mesin yang cangggih serta mudah dikendalikan/friendly user.
bidang ini juga ada relation dengan IA=Artificial Intelligent
IA adalah diterjemahkan sebagai kebijaksaaan buatan seperti komputer yang kita pakai sekarang ni.
manusia ditakrifkan sebagai Original Intelligent.= Kebijaksanaan Asli,
dari konsep Original Intelligent inilah muncul bidang artificial Intelligent.
cuma IA ini perlu berlandaskan syariat islam. janganlah pula manusia cuba cipta patung yang boleh bergerak, kerana buat patung itu berdosa.

IA pula ada related dengan Robotic,

Sesiapa yang minat bidang robotic, bulehlah mula belajar C++ Computer language, sebab satu tangan robot perlu dibuat pengaturcaraan/programming supaya boleh memberi arahan kepada buzz circuit yang akan mengarahkan tangan robot bergerak. C++ adalah bahasa computer yang the latest.
jika perlu, boleh belajar prolog, fuzy logic.
bidang ini sudah maju di United kingdom dan amerika.
pernah diberitahu, sebuah robot berbentuk lipas telah direka cipta oleh proffessor di university nottingham U.K dengan kos sebayak RM2 million. lipas robot tersebut boleh bergerak laju.

sebenar bidang ergonomics ini memerlukan pakar pengaturcaraan/programmer untuk mengarahkan anggota robot bergerak...

buku C++ komputer language ini ada di jual, harganya dalam dollar adalah 89 dollar. cuba cari dalam amazon.

saya ni cuma tahu sedikit sebanyak bab human machine interaction berdasarkan pembacaan saja...

saya ajak bincang di thread ini, sebab saya fikir di sini ramai dari fakulti sains komputer atau bidang kejuruteraan komputer elektronic.

hasrat manusia untuk membuat kapal terbang yang mudah dikendalikan manusia , InsyaAllah akan jadi kenyataan jika bidang pengaturcaraan /programming komputer ditingkatkan di negara ini digabungkan dengan bidang electronic engineering.
anak saudara saya sekarang ini sedang mendalami ilmu kejuruteraan kapal terbang, doakan beliau dapat further study di Eropah dalam bidang merekacipta kapal terbang.

usia dalam awal 20an...

Bookmark and Share

    


  Member Information For SaifuddinProfil   Hantar PM kepada Saifuddin   Quote dan BalasQuote

sayatetapsaya
-WARGA AMAT SETIA-
Menyertai: 12.05.2004
Ahli No: 8934
Posting: 5682

italy  


posticon Posting pada: 04-02-08 12:32


Assalamualaikum
saifudin...rasanya..yang lebih tepat ialah...AI which means Artificial Intelligent (Kepintaran Buatan)...bukan IA...



Bookmark and Share

    


  Member Information For sayatetapsayaProfil   Hantar PM kepada sayatetapsaya   Quote dan BalasQuote

Saifuddin
WARGA SETIA
Menyertai: 30.09.2003
Ahli No: 3878
Posting: 1421

Kelantan  


posticon Posting pada: 04-02-08 15:48


tersilap taip AI sepatutnya..Asif

Human–computer interaction (HCI), alternatively man–machine interaction (MMI) or computer–human interaction (CHI) is the study of interaction between people (users) and computers. It is often regarded as the intersection of computer science, behavioral sciences, design and several other fields of study. Interaction between users and computers occurs at the user interface (or simply interface), which includes both software and hardware, for example, general purpose computer peripherals and large-scale mechanical systems, such as aircraft and power plants.

The following definition is given at : "Human-computer interaction is a discipline concerned with the design, evaluation and implementation of interactive computing systems for human use and with the study of major phenomena surrounding them."
HCI differs with human factors in that there is more of a focus on users working with computers rather than other kinds of machines or designed artifacts, and an additional focus on how to implement the (software and hardware) mechanisms behind computers to support human-computer interaction. HCI also differs with ergonomics in that there is less of a focus on repetitive work-oriented tasks and procedures, and much less emphasis on physical stress and the physical form or industrial design of physical aspects of the user interface, such as the physical form of keyboards and mice. More discussion of the nuances between these fields is at

Bookmark and Share

    


  Member Information For SaifuddinProfil   Hantar PM kepada Saifuddin   Quote dan BalasQuote

Member Messages

Forum Search & Navigation

 

Log in to check your private messages

Silakan Login atau Mendaftar





  


 

[ Carian Advance ]

Jum ke Forum 




Datacenter Solution oleh Fivio.com Backbone oleh JARING Bukan Status MSCMyPHPNuke Portal System

Disclaimer: Posting dan komen di dalam Portal Komuniti Ukhwah.com ini adalah menjadi hak milik ahli
yang menghantar. Ia tidak menggambarkan keseluruhan Portal Komuniti Ukhwah.com.
Pihak pengurusan tidak bertanggung jawab atas segala perkara berbangkit
dari sebarang posting, interaksi dan komunikasi dari Portal Komuniti Ukhwah.com.


Disclaimer: Portal Komuniti Ukhwah.com tidak menyebelahi atau mewakili mana-mana parti politik
atau sebarang pertubuhan lain. Posting berkaitan politik dan sebarang pertubuhan di dalam laman web ini adalah menjadi
hak milik individu yang menghantar posting. Ia sama-sekali tidak ada
kena-mengena, pembabitan dan gambaran sebenar pihak pengurusan Portal Komuniti Ukhwah.com

Portal Ukhwah
Hakcipta 2003 oleh Ukhwah.com
Tarikh Mula: 14 Mei 2003, 12 Rabi'ul Awal 1424H (Maulidur Rasul)
Made in: Pencala Height, Bandar Sunway dan Damansara Height
Dibina oleh Team Walasri




Loading: 0.098039 saat. Lajunya....